We start our story in the mid 80’s. Ronald Reagan was still in office. People werenâ€™t yet convinced that McDonalds was all that bad for you – after all, would a clown sell you something that could be detrimental to your health? Surely not. Video had been killing the radio star for a minute before rap got in on the act. Walk with us as we take a brief stroll down memory laneâ€¦.
1985: Run-DMC – “King Of Rock”
Run DMC’S symbolic storming of a Rock Museum in the King of Rock signalled rap music’s entrance into popular culture – beaming the gritty realities of life on the other side of the tracks into the homes of Middle America. They were the first rap group on MTV four years after its inception.
1986: DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince – “Girls Ainâ€™t Nuthin But Trouble”
Rap was not afraid to have fun. Sure, there were the Schooly Dâ€™s and Just Iceâ€™s doing their thing, but they werenâ€™t filling up stadiums at the time. This was Will Smith before the summer blockbusters and Jazzy Jeff before repeated ejection from a Bel Air Mansion. Originally discovered by Paul Oakenfold – yes, that Paul Oakenfold – the duo set their own rap landmark, by taking home the first Rap Grammy.
1987: Eric B & Rakim – “I Ainâ€™t No Joke”
The God Rakim just rhyming around the way. There were no exotic locations – the hood was a good enough back drop. At this point in time, videos could look like they cost a million dollars to make, but if the music wasnâ€™t up to scratch, you would get called out for it.
1988: NWA – “Straight Outta Compton
This was a bruising introduction to The World’s Most Dangerous Group in itsâ€˜ most celebrated incarnation. Up until now – the whole concept of â€˜a band that everyone fearsâ€™ had only really been exploited by rock groups. This video set the tone from the word â€™go.â€™ There were mob scenes. There were shots of people walking with their shoes on fire and Eazy E talking all kinds of madness in a voice that sounded like it could have belonged to a cartoon character. Also worth noting that this is the year that Yo! MTV Raps was first broadcast.
1989: Public Enemy – “Fight The Power”
There was a definite correlation between the militancy of Chuck D’s call to arms and Spike Lee’s concept of a march in Brooklyn for this video, which was also a single from the â€˜Do The Right Thingâ€™ soundtrack. It is possible that some of Americaâ€˜s upper class saw this and instantly barricaded themselves in their houses, fearing the long spoken of Revolution had begun. They werenâ€™t to know it would all end in Flavor Of Love. Rap would gain further mainstream exposure with BETâ€™s Rap City first hit the airwaves.
1990: LL Cool J – “Mama Said Knock You Out”
Should really have been renamed â€˜Hammertimeâ€™ in the history books – Stanley Burrell was sweeping all before him, and he didnâ€˜t need the approval of rapâ€˜s hardcore to do it. â€˜Mama Said Knock You Outâ€™ was LL managing to reconcile the two sides of his career as a pop artist and a master of lyricism. Upon hearing this for the first time, Kool Moe Dee must have wished heâ€™d picked on someone else.
1991: A Tribe Called Quest – “Scenario”
What with the turn of the millennium now less than a decade away, hip-hop was looking to the future. Leave it to one of rapâ€™s most innovative groups to take it there. The video for â€˜Scenarioâ€™ gave the impression of being interactive – I, like many others, have sat in front of the screen, blinking as the portraits of Spike Lee, De La Soul, Redman et al flash up. Fact: â€˜Scenarioâ€™ was directed by Jim Swaffield – the man who almost two decades later would be responsible for R Kelly’s Trapped In The Closet (chapters 13-22).
1992: Ice Cube – “Check Yoâ€™ Self”
As far as Black America was concerned there was one incident that pretty much defined this year. The beating of motorist Rodney King by policeman and the subsequent acquittal of the officers – despite video evidence proving their guilt. The reaction came in the form of the LA riots, and Ice Cube, already two albums into his solo career since leaving NWA was there to act as a correspondent to the outside world. The video for Today Was A Good Day, ends with Cube being arrested before taking a trip through the California State penal system on his next visual outing â€˜Check Yo Self.â€™
1993: KRS One – “Sound Of Da Police”
KRS One could always be counted on to speak out on hot button issues. From Black on Black crime (â€˜Self Destructionâ€™) to beef – the meat, not a potentially fatal deterioration of relations between two or more rappers – on â€˜Beefâ€™. The video itself wasnâ€™t particularly groundbreaking, but when 1993 comes up in the Format officeâ€™s hip-hop conversations, itâ€™s always one of the first songs to get name checked.
1994: Craig Mack – “Flava In Ya Ear (Remix)”
So begins the emergence of Puff. Having launched Craig Mackâ€™s career, he put Notorious B.I.G on the map, by arranging for his two charges to go head to head with some of the best known rappers of the day. The video’s black and white minimalist aesthetic was later referenced in the video for G-Dep’s Special Delivery (Remix).
Jeru Tha Damaja: “Canâ€™t Stop The Prophet” – 1994 ; Common: “I Used To Love H.E.R”
1995: Raekwon – “Ice Cream”
During this summer, Raekwon emerged as a contender for the King Of New York title. And it wasnâ€™t like there was a shortage of competition, in terms of classic music being produced. That year alone future classics such as â€™Shook Ones Pt. 2,â€™ â€™Livin Proof,â€™ â€˜Broken Language,â€˜ â€˜Bucktown,â€˜ and â€˜Cell Therapyâ€˜ were released. Had it not been for â€˜Who Shot Ya?â€™ and a disappointing second album, Rae would definitely been on the shortlist.
1996: 2PAC – California Love
Saw the birth of the â€˜To Be Continuedâ€¦â€˜ rap video. Rappers were now beginning to get the notion they could act. Pac had set the bar as far as ‘Young, Black & Unhinged’ with his portrayal of Bishop in â€˜Juiceâ€˜. Director, Hype Williams had really begun to hit his stride in 1994, and after spending 1995 directing videos such as Notorious B.I.G’s “Warning” and Adina Howard’s “Freak Like Me” – he made his bid for the crown in ’96 with the hallucinogen hued clip for Bustaâ€™s “Woo-Hah!” and the Mad Max inspired California Love.
1997: Notorious B.I.G – “Skyâ€™s The Limit”
Biggieâ€™s death on March 9th, was marked by the Spike Jonze directed â€“ â€˜Skyâ€˜s The Limit,â€™ for which he recruited half-pint look-alikes of Busta Rhymes, The Lox, Faith Evans and Lil Kim to act out a day in the life of Messrs. Wallace and Combs. After the loss of a life there was something quite touching about the innocent fun the clip portrayed.
1998: DMX – “Get At Me Dog”
The year DMX shocked the game. Much like the scene in ‘The Dark Knight’ when The Joker walks into the party and throws Bruce/Harvey’s girl out of the window. Everyone was happily riding around in chauffeur driven saloons, and got comfortable, when a piercing bark shattered their daydreams.Â That same year, Hype Williams tapped Xâ€™s intense persona for the character of Buns in the ‘hood classic’, Belly. In short, the camera <3â€™s Earl. Pause.
1999: Nas – “Hate Me Now”
“Hate Me Now” caused quite a stir. Not only were there whispers of outrage at the crucifixion scenes, but Sean Combsâ€™ reaction to not having certain scenes removed from the video was â€™extremeâ€™ to say the least. The clip itself was a celebration of excess. Nasâ€™ giant QB chain, Diddy spitting champagne at the camera and mink hats. Rap was revelling in its’ nouveau riche status. Platinum strippers and white tigers are the order of the day. The whole video looks like one of the Pen and Pixel No Limit album covers brought to lifeâ€¦
2000: Jay-Z f/ UGK – “Big Pimpinâ€™”
Hype Williams made this one widescreen, for the sole purpose of cramming as much Melyssa Ford, yacht and footage of Dame Dash doing his infamous ‘two bottle’ dance while wasted (a trick he picked up in the promo clip for “Hey Papi”) as possible. The excess continued. Exotic location? Check. Money thrown in crowd? Check. The late Pimp C wearing a fur coat in Florida in the middle of the summer? Check. Everythangâ€™s working.
2001: Missy Elliot – “Get UR Freak On”
This song was inescapable. A cartoonish trawl through the minds of Missy and Timbaland, complete with ashy zombies – this wasnâ€™t an isolated occurrence, either. Pretty much all of the Missy videos from this era were weird in varying degrees. Late in the year the terrorist attack on New York wounded the spirit of America, and subsequently hip-hopâ€¦.
2002: Ja Rule f/ Bobby Brown – “Thug Lovinâ€™”
Itâ€™s not that the video was groundbreaking or anything. It was pretty much a standard issue Murder Inc. video; video starts. Ja runs around with no shirt. Pretty ladies. Singing. More rapping. Fade to black. This time around, however, they added an X Factor. Bobby Brown. Whether or not they expected it to happen, B. Brown completely stole the show, starting proceedings off with a karate kick aimed at the camera and then four to five minutes of gurning and chemically enhanced adlibs. Ja was forced to play the bridesmaid in his own video. Still – things could have been worse for himâ€¦.
2003: 50 Cent – In Da Club
Queensâ€™ tendency of breeding rap superstars would continue. Iâ€™m not even going to go through the whole â€™nine shotsâ€™ thing, but 50 Cent arrived on the scene with a near obsessive mission to end Ja Ruleâ€™s career – we would only later realise that he did it, by being better at being Ja than Ja wasâ€¦
2004: Kanye West – “Jesus Walks (alternate version)”
Kanye West’s policy of shooting a video (or in the case of “Jesus Walks” – three) for as many songs as possible led to some great visuals accompanying College Dropout. In some ways it was a throwback to the creative freedom rap enjoyed in the mid 90’s. You know what, Format is going to give him video of the year for 2004, because we’re on his blogroll and to be quite frank, we’ve seen how he reacts when his videos don’t get the respect he believes they deserve and we don’t need that kind of drama in our lives.
2005: Mike Jones f/ Paul Wall & Slim Thug – “Still Tippinâ€™”
Videos from Down South, dating back to the era of Uncle Luke,Â have generally beenÂ an explosion of candy paint, keyboards and booty. There wasn’t any need for Hollywood production values. This is, after all, the region that pioneered moving records out of car trunks. Don’t bother involving the middle man. The formula is timeless: Diamond encrusted grills. A chopped & screwed hook and a scene in a strip club. â€˜Still Tippinâ€™ ended up being one of the yearâ€™s biggest songs and Mike Jones (Who??) unintentionally slipped into â€˜One Hit Wonderâ€™ territory.
2006: Rick Ro$$ – “Hustlinâ€™”
Can it be that it was all so simple then? Rick Ro$$â€™ major label debut was a monster. A runaway hit. Little old ladies were singing â€˜Whip it, whip it – real hard.â€™ The world was at The Bawssâ€™ feet. But that was before it had been proved that heâ€™d once had a job (gasp!). A real one. With a Social Security number. His breakout video, directed by Gil Green was a whistle stop tour of Dade County, further introducing the world to The Dirty South.
2007: Consequence – “Uncle Raheim”
The arrival of Rik Cordero as a player in the video game with his simple but effective clips. In response to increasingly bigger budget offerings from major labels. You get the idea that Rik doesn’t really care for waiting on cheques to get cut. Turn up at his house with a messenger bag full of cash and you’ve got yourself a mini movie.
2008: Lil Wayne – “Lollipop”
This was undoubtedly the year of Lil Wayne. Having sold a million records in a week, the wee man took home his fair share of awards in â€™08. A limo truck full of models driving Weezy and Static Major to a party thrown by, one would assume, Birdman. What sort of parent is Baby? Wayne has been calling him ‘Daddy’ for years. Is he a disciplinarian or the kind of dad you could hang out and enjoy a quiet pint (of sizzurp) with?
2009: Itâ€™s a bit early in the year to pick a video, but letâ€™s finish by coming to an understanding of the game in itsâ€™ current position; weâ€™ve reached the point where Youtube has made it possible for literally anyone to make a promo clip and share it with the whole world. Now rappers seem to like making videos to tell you theyâ€™ve been filming a video – Yes, Jim Jones â€“ weâ€™re talking about you – which may or may not ever see the light of day. Despite this, we at Format encourage you to keep on clicking. Who knows, you may find the next Spike, Hype or Chris one click away. Or it could be another â€˜rapper gets exposedâ€™ clipâ€¦.